Groin Muscle Strain (Adductor Strain)

  Well done! You’ve taken the first steps to understanding and relieving your Groin Muscle Strain! Once you read this page answer the questions on the sheet given by your physiotherapist at Musculoskeletal Physiotherapy Australia and bring that to your next treatment session. Recovery from your Groin Muscle Strain is crucial in order to achieve your goals and gain rapid and long-lasting results. Your physiotherapist at Musculoskeletal Physiotherapy Australia has requested that you read this page so that you understand your condition and know how to best manage in between physiotherapy consultations.
Adductor Strain

Adductor Strain

What is a Groin Muscle Strain?

Most likely, the muscle you may have ‘pulled’ or ‘strained’ is one of the ‘Adductor’ muscles of the hip. A ‘strain’ is a tear of the muscle fibres or at the tendon. There are three adductor muscles of the hip; Adductor Longus, Adductor Brevis and Adductor Magnus. The most commonly strained muscle is the Adductor Longus muscle. Groin muscle strains are encountered frequently in sports involving twisting, sprinting, turning and kicking such as ice hockey and soccer, where a strong eccentric contraction of the adductors is a common action, such as winding up for a kick. The strain can be either at the muscle belly, as pictured on the right, or in the tendon where the muscle attaches to the bone at the pelvis. The treatment will be dependent on where you have sustained your strain.
Adductor muscle strain

Adductor muscle strain

What caused my Groin Muscle Strain?

The main sign that your injury is a muscle strain is intense pain in the area of the groin that comes on immediately. The pain can be easily reproduced when your therapist examines movements, such as resisted adduction or flexion of the hip. At the site, depending on the severity there may be visible bruising or swelling, tenderness upon palpation of the muscle, and pain upon stretching. Your therapist will need to determine which muscle has been strained, and whether it was the muscle belly or the tendon that has been affected, as recovery times and treatment will differ.  

How can you help me with my Groin Muscle Strain?

A detailed history, taken by your Musculoskeletal Physiotherapy Australia Clinician, of the pain or injury can determine the underlying cause of your Groin Muscle Strain, while a physical assessment of the knee, hip, back and surrounding structures, can determine the best course of action in treating the condition. Usually, treatment will involve correcting any abnormal gait (walking) biomechanics, and strengthening/stretching muscles to reduce muscle imbalances, weakness and tightness.  

What should I do to avoid aggravating my Groin Muscle Strain?

  • AVOID activities that aggravate your pain, until you have seen a Musculoskeletal Physiotherapy Australia Clinician.
  • AVOID generic strengthening activities such as squats and lunges, until you have seen a Musculoskeletal Physiotherapy Australia Clinician, as they may be contributing to the muscle imbalances, rather than helping them.
  • REMAIN ACTIVE, while avoiding aggravating activities.
  • For RELIEF, applying ice to the area may help to reduce some pain and inflammation in the initial stages. Be sure to wrap the icepack in a towel, and only apply for 10 minutes every 2 hours. CEASE use if you have any negative reaction.
  • RECEIVE physiotherapy care to get your joints, ligaments and muscles de-loaded and moving freely with no restrictions.
Keep good care of your body and your physiotherapist will continue to monitor your condition. Once your Groin Muscle Strain has resolved you will be able to resume your full activities without worrying about future flare-ups.
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