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Shin Splints

Shin-splints is a commonly seen in runners or walkers, although it can affect anybody. It is characterised by a dull pain along the front or inside of the tibia, or shin-bone.

Muscular imbalances around your shin, shoe choices or sudden increases in your running load are often the cause. Talk to your physiotherapist about what the best management plan for you will be.

Plantar Fasclitis

The plantar fascia is a thick band of connective tissue that is located on the under-surface of our foot.

It is highly important in absorbing our weight as we walk, run and jump, as well as propelling us forward. It is an important structural piece in our longitudinal arch. The plantar-fascia is designed to handle quite large forces, but when it experiences abnormally large loads, or is strained over time, it can be a common source of pain.

Ankle Sprains

The ankle-joint requires a lot of different ligaments to keep it stable, preventing too much movement from side-to-side.

Often during high-velocity movements, or during sport, the ankle can get stretched outside of the limits of these ligaments. In these cases, the ligaments can become stretched, strained or torn. This can result in pain and instability at the ankle joint. Talk to your physiotherapist about the best management plan for your ankle strain.

Achilles

The achilles tendon is located at the back of the heel, connecting the muscles in your calf to your calcaneus (heel bone).

It is the largest tendon in your body and transfers a lot of force into the foot, helping us to walk, run and jump. Tendons are designed to take a lot of force, but in cases where there is repetitive force and load, the achilles tendon can respond and develop pain. This is called Achilles Tendinopathy.

FAQ

If you haven’t received any major or repetitive trauma to your foot or ankle, then it is likely that you will make a full recovery with conservative physiotherapy management. The length of time taken to recover depends on your specific presentation, but most will significantly improve within 3 months. In the cases of more serious trauma or instability at the foot or ankle, surgery may be required. Talk to your physiotherapist about the specific prognosis for your injury.

Most likely not. A large majority of pain in the foot or ankle doesn’t come from any structural damage. Your physiotherapist will be able to do a thorough examination of your foot and ankle, and help give you a diagnosis and treatment plan. If they feel that a scan is needed, they will be able to help you by organising a referral to receive one. If you have high levels of pain after injuring your foot or ankle, get the opinion of a health professional about the best option for you.

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