What is a Groin Muscle Strain?

Most likely, the muscle you may have ‘pulled’ or ‘strained’ is one of the ‘Adductor’ muscles of the hip. A ‘strain’ is a tear of the muscle fibres or at the tendon. There are three adductor muscles of the hip; Adductor Longus, Adductor Brevis and Adductor Magnus. The most commonly strained muscle is the Adductor Longus muscle. Groin muscle strains are encountered frequently in sports involving twisting, sprinting, turning and kicking such as ice hockey and soccer and AFL football, where a strong eccentric contraction of the adductors is a common action, such as winding up for a kick. The strain can be either at the muscle belly, as pictured on the right, or in the tendon where the muscle attaches to the bone at the pelvis. The treatment will be dependent on where you have sustained your strain.

Adductor muscle strain

What caused my Groin Muscle Strain?

As with all muscle and tendon injuries, injury is often caused by putting too much strain through a specific muscle, or by placing the muscle under too much stretch. Commonly, weakness to your adductor muscles, and the surrounding synergist muscles, can result in injury when you regularly perform kicking or running activities that place strain on these muscles. Your physiotherapist will be able to identify the underlying factors that ay have been present that led to your adductor strain.

How can you help me with my Groin Muscle Strain?

Your physiotherapist will take a thorough injury history, as well as gathering information about your exercise history in order to give you the best possible diagnosis. They will also undertake a thorough examination of your back, hip and knee, in order to provide you with the best possible treatment plan.

Typically, your treatment will involve manual therapy techniques in order to reduce your pain levels and improve your movement You will also be given strengthening and stretching exercises in order to correct any muscle imbalances. You may also receive advice on your gait biomechanics, and specific strength requirements in order to prevent any future recurrences.

What should I do to avoid aggravating my Groin Muscle Strain?

  • AVOID activities that aggravate your pain, until you have seen your physiotherapist
  • AVOID generic strengthening activities such as squats and lunges until you have seen your physiotherapist
  • REMAIN ACTIVE, while avoiding aggravating activities.
  • For RELIEF, applying ice to the area may help to reduce some pain and inflammation in the initial stages. Wrap the ice to prevent direct contact with your skin
  • RECEIVE physiotherapy care to get your joints, ligaments and muscles performing to their optimum level.

Keep good care of your body and your physiotherapist will continue to monitor your condition. Once your Groin Muscle Strain has resolved you will be able to resume your full activities without worrying about future flare-ups.

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