What is a Labrum?
The Labrum is a ring of cartilage within your hip joint, it attaches around the outside of your acetabulum (hip socket). Its main role is to create a negative-pressure seal in the hip joint, increasing its stability. It also works to deepen the hip joint, creating even more stability. Its third role is to act as a shock-absorber for the hip, taking some of our weight. For these reasons, the hip is a far more stable ‘ball and socket’ joint than the shoulder is, allowing for a wide range of movement, a large capacity for taking our bodyweight without the risk of becoming unstable. Injury to the hip labrum can be a common source of pain and dysfunction at the hip.
What caused my Labral Tear?
Most labral tears have no known cause. However, labral tears can come as the result of trauma to the area, for example as the result of a fall or a sporting injury, when the hip may be suddenly forced into an extreme position. Another mechanism is through repeated minor trauma through repeated rotation of the hip. It is likely that the more progressive-onset labral tears, are caused by repetitive micro-trauma over a prolonged period of time.
How can you help me with my Labral Tear?
A detailed history, taken by your physiotherapist, of your hip pain can determine the underlying cause of your Labral Tear. While a physical assessment of the knee, hip, back and surrounding structures, can determine the best course of action in treating the condition. In some cases, surgery is required to repair a torn labrum, physiotherapy is highly recommended in order to successfully rehabilitate from these procedures. Usually, treatment will involve manual therapy techniques designed to reduce your pain and improve your range of movement. Your physiotherapist will also correct any abnormal gait biomechanics, and give you exercises to strengthen the structures around you hip.
What should I do to avoid aggravating my Labral Tear?
- AVOID activities that aggravate your pain, until you have seen your physiotherapist
- AVOID generic strengthening activities such as squats and lunges, your physiotherapist
- REMAIN ACTIVE, while avoiding aggravating activities.
- For RELIEF, applying ice to the area may help to reduce some pain and inflammation. Wrap the ice to avoid direct contact with your skin
- RECEIVE physiotherapy care to get your joints, ligaments, and muscles performing to their optimum level
Keep good care of your body and your physiotherapist will continue to monitor your condition. Once your Labral Tear has resolved you will be able to resume your full activities without worrying about future flare-ups.